Summary Table of the Countries Examined

Belgium

Designation in the country's
official languages
Belgique - België - Belgien
Area 30,527 sq km (Canada: 9,976,140 sq km)
Population (2004) 10.4 millions (est. 2004) / Canada: 31.8 millions (est. 2004)
Dutch: 54.2%
French: 34.1%
German: 1%
Other languages: 10.7%
Official Languages Dutch, French, and German
Capital City Brussels
Language Laws - Constitution (1994)
- Law Governing the Use of Languages in Administrative Matters, coordinated on July 18, 1966.

Switzerland

Designation in the country's
official languages
Suisse - Schweiz - Svizzera - Svizra
Area 41,285 sq km (Canada: 9,976,140 sq km)
Population (2004) 7.4 millions (est. 2004) / Canada: 31.8 millions (est. 2004)
German: 63.7%
French: 20.4%
Italian: 6.5%
Rumansh: 0.5%
Other languages: 8.9%
Official languages German, French, Italian, and Rumansh (regional)
Capital City Bern
Language Laws - Constitution (2000)
- Federal Act on National Languages and Harmony Among Linguistic Communities (draft bill, March 2001)
- Federal Act Respecting Financial Assistance for the Safeguard and Promotion of the Rumansh and Italian languages and Cultures (October 6, 1995)

Finland

Designation in the country's
official languages
Suomi - Finland
Area 337,032  sq km (Canada: 9,976,140 sq km)
Population (2004) 5.2 millions (est. 2004) / Canada: 31.8 millions (est. 2004)
Finnish: 92.1%
Swedish: 5.5%
Other languages: 2.4%
Official languages Finnish and Swedish
Capital City Helsinki
Language Laws - Constitution (2000)
- Language Act (2004)

Ireland

Designation in the country's
official languages
Héireann - Ireland
Area 337,032  sq km (Canada: 9,976,140 sq km)
Population (2004) 4 millions (est. 2004) / Canada: 31.8 millions (est. 2004)
English: 95%
Irish: 1.1%
Other languages: 3.9%
Official languages English and Irish
Capital City Dublin
Language Laws - Constitution (2000)
- Official Languages Act (2003)

India

Designation in the country's
official languages
India - Bharât / भारत
Area 3.2 millions sq km (Canada: 9,976,140 sq km)
Population (2004) 1 billion (est. 2004) / Canada: 31.8 millions (est. 2004)
English: 2 %
Hindi: 18 %
Other languages: 80 %
Official languages English and Hindi
Capital City New Delhi
Language Laws - Constitution (1950)
- Official Languages Act (1963-1967)
- Official Languages Rules (1976-1987)

Spain

Designation in the country's
official languages
España (off. Castillan); Espanya (Catalan), España (Galician), Espainia (Basque)
Area 504,748 sq km (Canada: 9,976,140 sq km)
Population (2004) 42.8 millions (est. 2004) / Canada: 31.8 millions (est. 2004)
Castillan: 72.8%
Catalan: 10%
Galician: 8.2%
Basque: 1.5%
Other languages: 7.5%
Official Languages Castillan (central)
Catalan, Basque, Galician (regional)
Capital City Madrid
Language Laws - Constitution (2000)
- Laws of linguistic significance