Official Languages by Province (2001 Census)

English and French are Canada’s two official languages. In the 2001 census, English speakers comprised nearly 60% of the Canadian population, while French speakers took second place with over 22%. However, the official languages are spread very unevenly across the provinces. Anglophones are most numerous in Ontario (8.0 million), followed by British Columbia (2.87nbsp;million) and Alberta (2.4 million). With the exception of Quebec (8.0%) and Nunavut (27.6%), anglophones are the majority in all provinces and territories.

Francophones are the majority only in Quebec, where they represent 81.2% of the province. The following table lists the proportion of anglophones and francophones in each province.

Province

Total Population

English

French

Other Languages

Source: Statistics Canada, 2001 population census
Ontario 11,285,550 8,079,500
(71.6%)
493,630
(4.4%)
2,672,080
(23.7%)
Quebec 7,125,580  572,085
(8.0%)
5,788,655
(81.2%)
709,425
(10.0%)
British Columbia 3,868,875 2,865,300
(74.1%)
56,100
(1.5%)
939,945
(24.3%)
Alberta 2,941,150 2,405,935
(81.8%)
59,735
(2.0%)
469,225
(16.0%)
Manitoba 1,103,700 863,980
(75.8%)
44,775
(4.1%)
219,160
(19.9%)
Saskatchewan 963,150 825,865
(85.7%)
18,035
(1.9%)
117,765
(12.2%)
Nova Scotia 897,570 834,315
(93.0%)
34,155
(3.8%)
26,510
(3.0%)
New Brunswick 719,710 465,720
(64.7%)
236,775
(32.9%)
11,935
(1.7%)
Newfoundland 508,075 500,065
(98.4%)
2,180
(0.4%)
5,495
(1.1%)
Prince Edward Island 133,385 125,215
(93.9%)
5,670
(4.3%)
2,065
(1.5%)
Northwest Territories 37,105 28,985
(78.1%)
965
(2.6%)
7,065
(19.0%)
Yukon 28,525 24,840
(87.1%)
   890
(3.1%)
2,700
(9.5%)
Nunavut 26,665 7,370
(27.6%)
400
(1.5%)
18,875
(70.8%)
Canada (total) 29,639,035 17,572,170
(59.3%)
6,741,955
(22.7%)
5,202,240
(17.6%)

The highest concentrations of anglophones are found in the provinces of Newfoundland (98.4%), Prince Edward Island (93.9%), Nova Scotia (93.0 %), Saskatchewan (85.7%), and Alberta (81.8%). Over 96% of Canada’s francophones live in three contiguous provinces: Québec (81.2%), New Brunswick (32.9%), and Ontario (4.4%). However, anglophones and francophones reside in all Canadian provinces and territories.