National Websites Regarding Aboriginal Peoples
- Arts, Culture and Heritage
- Oral Narratives and Aboriginal Pasts
- The Innu of Newfoundland And Labrador
- The Inuits
- Aboriginal Place Names
- Programs for Aboriginal People Provided by Other Federal Departments
- Researching Your Aboriginal Ancestry at Library and Archives Canada
- Naskapi Lexicon
- Aboriginal Peoples
- Aboriginal Resources and Services
- Writing in Inuktitut: An Historical Perspective
Industry Canada (IC)
- Canada/Territorial Co-operation Agreements for Aboriginal Languages
- Aboriginal Languages Initiative
- Aboriginal Representative Organizations Program
Natural Resources Canada (NRCan)
- Index of Aboriginal Language Ability, 1996 – The Atlas of Canada (maps)
- Index of Aboriginal Language Continuity, 1996 – The Atlas of Canada (maps)
- Aboriginal Languages by Community, 1996 – The Atlas of Canada (maps)
Statistics Canada (SC)
- Aboriginal languages – 2001 Aboriginal Peoples Survey
- Frequency of language of work, by provinces and territories (2006 Census)
- Frequency of language of work, by census metropolitan areas (2001 Census)
- Aboriginal Peoples: Recent Trends
- Population reporting an Aboriginal identity, by mother tongue, by provinces and territories (2001 Census)
- Population by knowledge of official language, by provinces and territories (2011 Census)
- Population by knowledge of official language, by provinces and territories (2001 Census)
- Population by knowledge of official language, by census metropolitan areas (2011 Census)
- Population by mother tongue, by provinces and territories (2011 Census)
- Population by mother tongue, by census metropolitan areas (2011 Census)
- Population reporting an Aboriginal identity, by age group, by provinces and territories (2006 Census)
- Population reporting an Aboriginal identity, by age group, by census metropolitan areas (2006 Census)
On this Virtual Circle site, you'll find columns and articles on First Nations issues, discussion forums, a link-rich index and a golden book (distinguished visitors register). Not all links are kept up to date, however.
University of Calgary
Aboriginal languages of Canada
A very good site for learning more about Canada's "Native" or "Aboriginal" languages; includes maps and statistics on the number of speakers.
A Teacher's Resource Guide– Curriculum Services Canada
Aboriginal Literatures in Canada – (PDF)
Describes services and programs of studies related to Aboriginal literatures in Canada. Includes commentaries, annotated bibliographies, suggested readings, as well as lists and ideas for teachers.
Aboriginal School Books – First Language Children's Literature
Nortext specializes in Aboriginal children's books. Over the last two decades this company developed fonts and programs to publish in about 40 Aboriginal languages, in both syllabic and Roman orthographies (or alphabets). The books Nortext helps publish are almost always in first languages containing stories and illustrations created in the communities by Aboriginal authors and illustrators.
Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg
Algonquin Dialogues Animated – Learning Algonquin
The Kitigan Zibi Education Council's Community Web Site (Quebec's Maniwaki region) offers many links to information about the local settings, business resources, education system, heritage, etc. "Kitigan Zibi" mean "Garden River" in the Algonquin language.
Natives Languages of the Americas
Amerindian Language Families (in English and French)
One of the best sites for information on North-American Native languages and families. "Native Languages of the Americas" is a non-profit organization dedicated to preserving and promoting American Indian languages, especially through the use of Internet technology.
Canadian Off-Reserve Indian Nations Inc.
Articles on language and assimilation
Presents articles and other items on the history of Canada First Nations, including a series of facts that don't always concur with the teachings of our Official History. The effects of European colonization on First Nations people haven't always been positive.
The East Cree language web (in English and French)
History, grammar, dictionaries, lessons, etc.
On this site, you can download stories, fables and tales (in the Cree language) and glean information on grammar and dictionaries. The site has more information in English than it does in French.
Museum of Civilizations (in English and French)
A History of the Native People of Canada
Produced by the Society of the Canadian Museum of Civilization, this site gives a detailed history of Canada's First Nations. Extensive and superbly done.
Canada's SchoolNet (in English and French)
The House of Canada in the language of Aboriginal Peoples of Canada
"First Nations on SchoolNet" uses a regional and community approach to help First Nations schools connect to the Internet. Specifically, SchoolNet encourages these schools to incorporate communication and information technologies into their academic setting as a way to design personalized tools and content that reflect both their culture and their values.
Languages of Canada
This well-established and highly regarded site contains detailed information on all of the world's countries and languages. The section on Canada lists and describes all of the country's First Nations languages.
The Canadian Encyclopedia – Historica (in English and French)
Native People's Languages
Provides excellent descriptions on the state, distribution and classification of Canada's First Nations languages. Surely one of the best sites produced by the Canadian Encyclopedia - Historia.
Métis National Council
- The Michif Language
- Michif Language Lessons
- Historical Online Database
Heritage Canada's Michif Languages Program (in English and French)
These sites focus on a unique language in Canada, a mix of French and Cri called Michif. The language uses French words and expressions along with a grammatical structure derived partially from Cree. Michif is a Métis Nation language, and though few Métis speak it today, it remains significant as a part of Canada's historical heritage. The only type of Creole spoken in Canada (roughly 650 speakers), Michif, for linguists at least, is indeed a unique language. Sadly, the language now faces extinction as the Métis switch more and more to French, to English and to other First Nations languages.
This site focuses on Micmac, and especially to lexicographic works.
The First Nations Confederacy of Cultural Education Centres
The Yinka Language Institute
Highlighted on this site is the Na-Dene language, with fascinating links to agencies, archives, linguistics departments, etc.
Media Awareness Network (in English and French)
Media Portrayals of Aboriginal People: Introduction
This site condemns the Aboriginal stereotypes perpetuated by the media and the movie industry. Indeed, Hollywood's traditional portrayal of native Peoples (the Indian Princess, the Great Warrior, the Noble Savage or the loyal sidekick) flies in the face of reality.
Canadian Directory of First Nations, Métis and Inuit Library Collections
Languages of First Nations, Métis and Inuit Collections
Provides a series of links related to several First Nations languages in Canada.
Canadian Executive Service Organization (CESO-SACO)
CESO is a not-for-profit organization which transfers technical and managerial expertise to Canadian Aboriginal Peoples, businesses and communities. CESO's mission is to assist Aboriginal communities and businesses of Canada to achieve greater self-sufficiency and growth. CESO's services include Business Support Services, Organizational Development, Community Economic Development, Planning and Resource Management and Governance/Leadership Workshops.
Profiles and explores the Cree language: lessons on grammar, usage, writing, etc